As many as two-thirds of all criminal convictions in Hawaii lead to mainland incarceration, typically in private prisons in Arizona. Through the years, mainland prisoners have been subjected to numerous issues that do not seem to occur in the public, island-based correctional facilities, such as the following:
On the surface, the Prison Litigation Reform Act (PLRA) might sound like a law designed to protect the rights of prisoners. This 1996 federal law was, in fact, created to reduce the incidence of potentially-frivolous prisoner litigation within the federal court system. Since the inception of the PLRA, prisoners with valid complaints regarding their civil rights must undergo a complex process before taking their claims to court.
The 8th Amendment of the United States Constitution, which prohibits cruel and unusual punishment, requires that prisoners be provided adequate medical care.